The Fourth Movement (August 24th ∼ September 2nd)

Publié le par Tiger LEE

The Fourth Movement (August 24th ∼ September 2nd)

Since the Hansan Battle, Japanese had never moved over the western coasts of Pusan for a while by the special order of Toyotomi. Lee decided to move for himself to Pusan, the port occupied by the Japanese invaders, to have a vital battle. This fourth movement was made from 24 August to 2 September. During this movement, the union kept the 173 ships and sank 6 in Jangrimpo, 24 in Dadaepo, and about 100 in Pusan port. Until the third movement, they had 55 war ships, 24 from CLF, 25 from CRF, and 6 from Kyungsang Right Navy. There is no clear documents to describe that how they could have three times more ships in the fourth. It was impossible that they built that number of ships in that short time. Just we can guess that the 173 ships included all the non-war ships, the small boats, fishing ships, and the carriers for the supplies due to the long distance movement. The Pusan Battle was so fierce that Un Jung, one of the top officers, was dead in the battle. Jung was the first top officer who died in the four movements.

[The map of the fourth movement]

1) The Jangrimpo Battle (August 29th)

CLF and CRF left from Yosu at four o'clock in the afternoon on 24 August, with the 166 ships. They joined Won and his fleets in Dangpo. On 29 August, the union arrived in down stream of the Nakdong River, just beside Pusan. When they looked for (searched) the Japanese ships near the river, they could find 6 ships near Jangrimpo. The union bunt them and continued to search the enemies. But they turned to the north part of Karduk because they failed to find more. They took a rest in the night in Karduk.

2) The Dadaepo Battle (September 1st)

The union left from Karduk in the morning early on September 1st. They continuously beat the 24 Japanese ships near Pusan, 5 in Whajunkumi, 8 in Dadaepo, 9 in Seupyungpo, and 2 in Jeulyoung Island. They continuously searched more ships near the Jeulyoung Island. But they could not find the additional. They headed to Pusan port.

3) The Pusan Battle (September 1st)

Near the Pusan port, Lee got the report from the reconnoitering boat that about the 500 Japanese war ships were at anker in the queues in the Pusan port and the coasts. Lee had a meeting with Ukee Lee and Won to discuss the battle. Lee thought that inducing the invaders out of the sea would be dangerous because they had too many ships. They chose the direct attacking to the port. The invaders already knew Lee and were afraid of the union fleets. Most of them landed not trying to react with the war ships. They shot all the guns and arrows in the land. The battle was continued to the night. This was the most fierce and Lee lost General Jeung. During the battle, Lee and his men felt serious pain in their mind because they watched a lot of Korean civilians in the port. They were Japanese prisoners and the invaders used them for the battles. After the union bunt and sank about 100 ships, they retreated from Pusan.

Later, Lee described how fierce the battle was in his documents, the Battle in Pusan Port, to report to the King Seunjo.

"So far, I have made the four movements which had about 10 battles. I won all of them. My men did their best in all sea battles. Especially, I have never seen the battles in which my men were more serious than the Pusan Battle. I think they are worth receiving the honors from your Majesty.

···· Before I just faced not more than about 70 ships of invaders. But in this battle, I fought about 500 ships in the Pusan port, the Japanese main headquarter, for all day. I finally destroyed and sank about the 100 ships. Though I could not exterminate the soldiers in the land, I believe this battle made them scared enough. And the achievements my men made in this battle is much bigger than those they did in any other battles."

In the Pusan Battle, Lee failed terminating the Japanese navy. But it has the great historical meaning because the Korean navy dare attack the heart of Japanese invaders successfully with minimal losts. The invaders could not move to the west for a while.

The conclusion of the four movements :

Lee had the 12 sea battles during the movements. The documents he wrote to report the war to the King Seunjo described in detail about the war in the southern coasts, the progress of the war, his achievements and losts. So, the documents were written in the view point of CLF. Of course, CRF and Won might write the documents to report their achievements. But they have not found so far.

Lee marked his name in the Korean history by saving his nation and people from one of the biggest disasters. He also established the basic mental attitudes for the nation and the people as a soldier. His temper, given by nature, to carry out his duty without parading himself could be the energy to do a great job in the hard situation.

He could accomplish his achievements by the outstanding leadership. However, it had not been for the unknown soldiers in the battles, he could not have accomplished his achievements. The soldiers were recruited urgently from the normal and the slavish people in Yosu and its area during the war. When we think that the most of the unknown soldiers who died in the war for this country were from this town, it is necessary to reestimate it and its people to remember their sacrifices and not to forget the painful history in the future.

May their souls rest in the peace!!


[Go to the first page] | [The First Movement]
[The Second Movement] | [The Third Movement]

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